Despite the effectiveness of home water treatment methods, it is worth noting that this practice is not yet widespread in many countries, including Cameroon. This study analyses the determinants of the avoidance behaviour of households to cope with unsafe drinking water in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé in Cameroon.

DETERMINANTS OF THE AVOIDANCE BEHAVIOUR OF HOUSEHOLDS TO COPE WITH UNSAFE DRINKING WATER

Despite the effectiveness of home water treatment methods, it is worth noting that this practice is not yet widespread in many countries, including Cameroon. This study analyses the determinants of the avoidance behaviour of households to cope with unsafe drinking water in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé in Cameroon. The study is based on primary data collected in 2013 from a sample of 789 households in the two cities. The nested logit model is used for empirical analysis. The main findings of the estimated models are as follows: the decision to improve water quality decreases when the head of the household is a man and when there is no child in the household. Furthermore, it decreases when wealth and the level of education are low. In addition, the probability of using a given avoidance method decreases with its cost of adoption and increases with its perceived efficiency (that is, the favourable opinion on the quality of water after treatment). Actions of education and sensitization of the population on the health effects of unsafe water consumption and the efficiency of water treatment at home, as well as the implementation of policies that aim at making averting methods more affordable are suggested by the study.

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Three strategic priorities

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